Thursday, November 16, 2017

Top 10 Perfect Rules For Photography For beginner | Banku Photography

Top 10 Perfect Rules For Photography For beginner


{1} The Rule of third

The king of compositional rules. Any photographer who does more than just take snapshot know something about the rule of third. The basic theory goes like this the human eye tends to be more interested in images that are divided into thirds, with the subject falling at or along one of those divisions. Many DSLR will actually give you a visual grid in your viewfinder that you can use to practice this rule. If yours does not just use your eyes to roughly divide your image with four lines into nine equal-sized parts, then place your subject at the intersection of those lines.

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{2} The Golden Ratio Rule 

And now to confuse you even more, enter "the golden ratio" While the rule of third divide your scene into equal third, the golden ratio divide your scene a little bit different, into sections that are roughly 1:1.618. you'll probably need to see this visually




{3} Golden triangles and spirals rule

But wait, there's more. So far we've just talked about the perfect rectangle, which at 5:8 roughly corresponds to the size of a 35mm image. But if your image has diagonals, try composing it using "golden triangles." To do this, divide your image diagonally from corner to corner, then draw a line from one of the other corners until it meets the first line at a 90 degree angle. Now place your photograph's elements so that they fall within the resulting triangles.

The golden spiral, as you might guess, is a compositional tool for use with objects that have curving lines rather than straight ones. This spiral is drawn based on that complicated series of rectangles we saw above, but you can actually visualize this based on nature's nautilus shell, which matches the golden spiral shape almost exactly. If that seems a little too convoluted to you, just look for compositions where there is a spiral that leads the eye to a particular point in the image.



{4} Fill the Frame

The rule of space may seem to contradict this next rule, which is the idea that you should fill the frame with your subject. Filling the frame, of course, is different than crowding the frame. Crowding the frame means that you're breaking that rule of space and putting your subject in a constricting box. The "fill the frame" rule, on the other hand, simply means that you're looking for distracting background elements and cropping them out whenever you can. Or put another way, decide how important your subject is and then give him/her a ratio of the frame that is directly related to his/her importance.
For example, an image of an old woman with interesting facial lines and features who is standing on a busy street corner will probably warrant filling the frame. But if you want to capture context - say that old woman is standing in the quirky second-hand shop she's owned for 50 years - you may not want to use that "fill the frame" rule, because you'll want to capture her with her environment instead.



{5} Lines

If you've read my series on the six classic elements of visual design, these next rules will be familiar. The first one is the rule of leading lines, which says that the human eye is drawn into a photo along lines--whether they are curved, straight, diagonal or otherwise. A line - whether geometric or implied - can bring your viewer's eye into an image and take it wherever you want it to go. If your image doesn't have clear lines you will need something else to let the viewer know where to look, otherwise her eye might just drift around the image without ever landing on any one spot.
Diagonal lines in particular can be useful in creating drama in your Photography They can also add a sense of depth, or a feeling of infinity.



{6} Texture

Texture is another way of creating dimension in a photograph. By zooming in on a textured surface - even a flat one - you can make it seem as if your photograph lives in three dimensions. Even a long shot of an object can benefit from texture - what's more visually interesting, a shot of a brand new boat sitting at a squeaky-clean doc, or a shot of an old fishing boat with peeling paint sitting in the port of a century-old fishing village?


{7} Symmetry

A symmetrical image is one that looks the same on one side as it does on the other. Symmetrical designs are an excellent excuse for you to break the rule of thirds. There are a couple of ways you can take advantage of symmetry, which can be found in nature as well as in man-made elements. First, look for symmetrical patterns that are in unexpected places. For example, you probably won't expect to find symmetry in a mountain range. If you do, it's worth capturing with your camera. Second, look for symmetrical patterns with strong lines, curves and patterns. The more visually beautiful your subject is the more appealing it will be as a symmetrical image.



{8} Background

This is one of those rules that almost all beginning photographers break. Sometimes we get so wrapped up in our subject that we don't pay any attention to what's going on behind them. If the background is busy and doesn't add anything to your composition, try using a wider aperture so those distracting elements will become a non-descript blur. Or you can just try changing your angle. Instead of shooting the subject with all those beach-goers right behind her, angle her so that she's in front of the water instead.
Not all backgrounds need to be excluded, of course. Just make sure you pay attention to them and ask yourself whether they will contribute to or detract from your final image. Your answer will let you know whether you should get rid of them or include them.



{9} Depth

Depth is closely related to background, and is also dependent on the type of image you're trying to capture. In a landscape, for example, you typically want everything to remain in focus. In a portrait, you may want that background to be out of focus. To isolate your subject from his or her background, use a wide aperture. To include the background, use a smaller one.
Depth can also be shown through other means. Including something in the foreground, for example, can add dimension to an otherwise two-dimensional appearing image. You can also overlap certain elements - since the human eye is used to seeing closer objects appear to overlap objects that are at a distance, your viewer will automatically interpret this information as depth.



{10} Viewpoint

Viewpoint can dramatically change the mood of a photograph. Let's take an image of a child as an example. Shot from above, a photograph of a child makes her appear diminutive, or less than equal to the viewer. Shot from her level, the viewer is more easily able to see things from her point of view. In this case the viewer becomes her equal rather than her superior. But shoot that same child from below and suddenly there's a sense of dominance about the child. Think of those woeful parents who can't keep their rowdy child from picking the neighbor's award-winning roses.
Perspective can also change the viewer's perception of an object's size. To emphasize the height of a tree, for example, shoot it from below, looking up. To make something seem smaller, shoot it from above, looking down. Viewpoint isn't just limited to high, low and eye-level of course - you can also radically change the perception of an object by shooting it from a distance or from close up.


1 comment:

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